Wisdom teeth usually begin to come in between the ages of 17 and 25. Dental specialists call these teeth third molars. They may become impacted because there's not enough room in your mouth for them. A wisdom tooth also might be trying to come in sideways. Or, it might be tilted in your jaw. Impacted wisdom teeth are more inclined to disease, tooth decay, and other dental problems.
Pain or swelling around the jaw
Red, tender or bleeding gums
An unpleasant grace in the mouth
Swelling of the gum in the back of the mouth
Difficulty in opening the jaw
A bad taste in the mouth
Pain when chewing or biting
Causes of an Impacted Wisdom Tooth:
Usually wisdom teeth become impacted if anyone’s jaw doesn’t have enough space for the teeth. Sometimes, the tooth grows in at the wrong angle, which can cause it to become impacted.
Complications of Impacted Wisdom Teeth:
Trouble in flossing teeth
Harm to other teeth
Crowding of nearby teeth
In view of these complications, some dental specialists will suggest surgery for impacted wisdom teeth, regardless of whether they don't cause indications.
X-Rays Reveal Types of Wisdom Teeth Impaction:
1. Full-Bony Impacted: This type of wisdom tooth removal is the most difficult as the wisdom tooth is completely stuck in the jaw of a person.
2. Partial-Bony Impacted: This wisdom tooth removal involves extracting a tooth that is partly stuck in the jaw of a person.
3. Soft-Tissue Impacted: This type of wisdom tooth removal is less complicated as the tooth is just stuck under the gum of a person.
4. Erupted: This type of wisdom tooth removal is the simplest as the tooth has already appeared in the mouth of a person.
Why wisdom teeth should be removed?
Impacted wisdom teeth which can lead to:
Tooth decay (dental caries)
Gum disease (also known as gingivitis or periodontal disease)
Pericoronitis – when plaque causes a contamination of the delicate tissue that encompasses the tooth
Cellulitis – a bacterial contamination in the cheek, tongue or throat
Ulcer – a gathering of discharge in the wisdom teeth or the encompassing tissue because of a bacterial contamination.
Cyst – very rarely, a wisdom tooth can also develop a cyst (a fluid-filled swelling).
Diagnosis of an Impacted Wisdom Tooth:
A dentist can tell if anyone’s wisdom teeth are impacted by examining his/her teeth and taking a simple X-ray of the mouth. An X-ray can show whether his/her teeth are impacted and if other teeth or bones are harmed.
After this, the dental specialist will discuss the benefits and risks of surgery of impacted wisdom teeth with his patient.